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Yul Gok Meaning

Yul Gok Tul - 24 Movements
- is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yil (1536-1584) nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea”.  The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birth place on 38 degree latitude and the diagram represents ‘scholar’.

Introduced Techniques

Yul Gok
Sitting stance middle punch
Walking stance front elbow strike
Walking stance palm hooking block
Walking stance double forearm block
L-stance twin knife-hand guard
X-stance back fist side strike

Step by Step

YUL-GOK

Movements - 38

Ready Posture - PARALLEL READY STANCE

  1. Move the left foot to B forming a sitting stance toward D while extending the left fist to D horizontally.
  2. Execute a right middle punch to D, maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  3. Execute a left middle punch to D, maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

Perform 2 and 3 in a fast motion.

  1. Bring the left foot to the right foot and then move the right foot to A forming a sitting stance to D, extending the right fist to D horizontally.
  2. Execute a left middle punch to D, maintaining a sitting stance toward D.
  3. Execute a right middle punch to D, maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

Perform 5 and 6 in a fast motion.

  1. Move the right foot to Ad forming a right walking stance toward AD while executing a middle side block to AD with the right inner forearm.
  2. Execute a low front snap kick to AD with the left foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 7.
  3. Lower the left foot to AD forming a left walking stance toward AD while executing a middle punch to AD with the left fist.
  4. Execute a middle punch to AD with the right fist while maintaining a left walking stance toward AD.

Perform 9 and 10 in a fast motion.

  1. Move the left foot to BD forming a left walking stance toward BD, at the same time executing a middle side block to BD with the left inner forearm.
  2. Execute a low front snap kick to BD with the right foot keeping the position of the hands as they were in 11.
  3. Lower the right foot to BD forming a right walking stance toward BD while executing a middle punch to BD with the right fist.
  4. Execute a middle punch to BD with the left fist while maintaining a right walking stance toward BD. Perform 13 and 14 in a fast motion.
  5. Execute a middle hooking block to D with the right palm while forming a right walking stance toward D, pivoting with the left foot.
  6. Execute a middle hooking block to D with the left palm while maintaining a right walking stance toward D.
  7. Execute a middle punch to D with the right fist while maintaining a right walking stance toward D.

Execute 16 and 17 in a connecting motion.

  1. Move the left foot to D forming a left walking stance toward D while executing a middle hooking block to D with the left palm.
  2. Execute a middle hooking block to D with the right palm while maintaining a left walking stance toward D.
  3. Execute a middle punch to D with the left fist while maintaining a left walking stance toward D.

Execute 19 and 20 in a connecting motion.

  1. Move the right foot to D forming a right walking stance toward D, at the same time executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.
  2. Turn the face to D forming a right bending ready stance A toward D.
  3. Execute a middle side piercing kick to D with the left foot.
  4. Lower the left foot to D forming a left walking stance toward D while striking the left palm with the right front elbow.
  5. Turn the face to C, forming a left bending ready stance A toward C.
  6. Execute a middle side piercing kick to C with the right foot.
  7. Lower the right foot to C forming a right walking stance toward C while striking the right palm with the left front elbow.
  8. Move the left foot to E forming a right L-stance toward E while executing a twin knife-hand block.
  9. Move the right foot to E forming a right walking stance toward E while executing a middle thrust to E with the right straight finger tip.
  10. Move the right foot to F turning clockwise to form a left L-stance toward F while executing a twin knife-hand block.
  11. Move the left foot to F forming a left walking stance toward F while executing a middle thrust to F with the left straight finger tip.
  12. Move the left foot to C forming a left walking stance toward C while executing a high side block to C with the left outer forearm.
  13. Execute a middle punch to C with the right fist while maintaining a left walking stance toward C.
  14. Move the right foot to C forming a right walking stance toward C while executing a high side block to C with the right outer forearm.
  15. Execute a left middle punch to C, maintaining a right walking stance toward C.
  16. Jump to C forming a left X-stance toward B while executing a high side strike to C with the left back fist.
  17. Move the right foot to A forming a right walking stance toward A at the same time executing a high block to A with the right double forearm
  18. Bring the right foot to the left foot and move the left foot to B forming a left walking stance to B while executing a high block to B with the left double forearm.

END: Bring the left foot back to a ready posture.

The story of Yul-Gok
Yul-Gok was the nickname of Master Yi I, a great philosopher and teacher of 16th century Korea. He was so clever that he passed the test for choosing public servants at the age of 13. As the Minister for Defence, he was worried about the possibility of Japan invading Korea in 1592 and he recommended that his country create an army of 100,000 men. After leaving government service, he devoted himself to writing. He published many books on philosophy, Confucianism and public administration. His work led him to become known as the Confucius of Korea.

Yi was born in 1536 in his grandparents’ house on Korea’s north-eastern coast and just a little south of the 38th parallel. The 38 movements of this pattern are therefore symbolic of his birthplace. His mother was a talented painter and calligrapher. Her remarkable artistic skill must have rubbed off on the young Yi, who is said to have been able to write characters as soon as he could speak and who wrote an essay at the age of seven.

   Yul-Gok's picture on the Korean 5000 won note

At the age of 15, Yi was so distressed when his mother died that he ran away to a Buddhist monastery where he spent a year deep in meditation, studying Buddhist philosophy and teachings. After leaving the monastery, he devoted his life to government service. He adopted the nickname Yul-Gok, meaning ‘Chestnut Valley’.

Yi had a lot of important jobs, including being the Minister of Defence, the prosecutor-general and ambassador to China. But during this time, the government began to fight within itself and was almost unable to run the country. In 1583, Yi proposed that the government build a 100,000-man army to defeat Japan. But his idea was ignored and the Korean army was hopelessly outgunned against the Japanese. But Yi had already died by then, in January 1584.

Summary

  • Great philosopher and scholar named Yi I (pronounced yee-ee)
  • Lived from 1536-1584
  • Literal meaning: ‘Chestnut Valley’
  • 38 movements refer to his birthplace on the 38th parallel
  • Pattern shape = Chinese word for ‘scholar’
  • Known as the Confucius of Korea
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