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Toi Gye Meaning

Toi gye Tul - 37 Movements
- Is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-confucianism.  The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birth place on 37 degree latitude, the diagram represents ‘scholar’.

Introduced Techniques

Toi gye Tul
Walking stance upset fingertip low thrust
L-stance double forearm low pushing block
Walking stance X-fist pressing block
Close stance back-fist side-back strike
Walking stance flat fingertip high thrust
Close stance twin elbow side thrust
Walking stance inner forearm circular block
Sitting stance outer forearm W-shape block
L-stance back-fist side-back strike
X-stance X-fist pressing block
L-stance knife-hand low guarding block
Front knee upward kick

Step by Step

TOI-GYE

Movements - 37

Ready Posture - CLOSED READY STANCE B

  1. Move the left foot to B forming a right L-stance toward B while executing a middle block to B with the left inner forearm.
  2. Execute a low thrust to B with the right upset finger tip while forming a left walking stance toward B, slipping the left foot to B.
  3. Bring the left foot to the right foot to form a closed stance toward D while executing a side back strike to C with the right back fist, extending the left arm to the side in a downward motion.

Perform in a slow motion.

  1. Move the right foot to A forming a left L-stance toward A while executing a middle block to A with the right inner forearm.
  2. Execute a low thrust to A with the left upset finger tip while forming a right walking stance toward A, slipping the right foot to A.
  1. Bring the right foot to the left foot to form a closed stance toward D while executing a side back strike to C with the left back fist, extending the right arm to the side in a downward motion.

Perform in a slow motion.

  1. Move the left foot to D forming a left walking stance toward D while executing a pressing block with an X-fist.
  2. Execute a high vertical punch to D with a twin fist while maintaining a left walking stance toward D.

Perform 7 and 8 in a continuous motion.

  1. Execute a middle front snap kick to D with the right foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 8.
  2. Lower the right foot to D forming a right walking stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.
  1. Execute a left middle punch to D, maintaining a right walking stance to D.
  2. Bring the left foot to the right foot forming a closed stance toward F while executing a twin side elbow thrust.

Perform in slow motion.

  1. Move the right foot to F in a stamping motion forming a sitting stance to C, executing a W-shape block to C with the right outer forearm.
  2. Turn the left foot clockwise to F in a stamping motion to form a sitting stance to D, executing a W-shape block to D with the left outer forearm.
  3. Turn the left foot clockwise to E in a stamping motion to form a sitting stance to C, executing a W-shape block to C with the left outer forearm.
  4. Turn the right foot anti-clockwise to E in a stamping motion to form a sitting stance to D, executing a W-shape block to D with the right outer forearm.
  5. Turn the left foot clockwise to E in a stamping motion to form a sitting stance to C, executing a W-shape block to C with the left outer forearm.
  6. Turn the left foot clockwise to F in a stamping motion to form a sitting stance to D, executing a W-shape block to D with the left outer forearm.
  7. Bring the right foot to the left foot and move the left foot to D forming a right L-stance to D, executing a low pushing block with the left double forearm.
  8. Extend both hands upward as if to grab the opponent's head while forming a left walking stance toward D, slipping the left foot to D.
  9. Execute a right knee upward kick, pulling both hands downward.
  10. Lower the right foot to the left foot and move the left foot to C forming a right L-stance toward C, executing a middle guarding block to C with a knife-hand.
  1. Execute a low side front snap kick to C with the left foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 22.
  1. Lower the left foot to C forming a left walking stance toward C while executing a high thrust to C with the left flat finger tip.
  1. Move the right foot to C forming a left L-stance toward C while executing a middle guarding block to C with a knife-hand.
  2. Execute a low side front snap kick to C with the right foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 25.
  3. Lower the right foot to C forming a right walking stance toward C while executing a high thrust to C with the right flat finger tip.
  4. Move the right foot to D forming a right L-stance to C, executing a right back fist side back strike to D and a low block to C with the left forearm.
  5. Jump to C forming a right X-stance toward A while executing a pressing block with an X-fist.
  6. Move the right foot to C forming a right walking stance toward C while executing a high block to C with the right double forearm.
  1. Move the left foot to B forming a right L-stance toward B while executing a low guarding block to B with a knife-hand.
  2. Execute a circular block to BD with the right inner forearm while forming a left walking stance toward B, slipping the left foot to B.
  3. Bring the left foot to the right foot and move the right foot to A forming a left L-stance to A, while executing a low guarding block to A with a knife-hand.
  4. Execute a circular block to AD with the left inner forearm while forming a right walking stance toward A, slipping the right foot to A.
  5. Execute a circular block to CE with the right inner forearm while forming a left walking stance toward CE.
  6. Execute a circular block to AD with the left inner forearm while forming a right walking stance toward A.
  7. Move the right foot on line AB to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.

END: Bring the right foot back to a ready posture.

The story of Toi-Gye
Toi-Gye was but one of the many nicknames of Yi Hwang, the most important Confucian philosopher of the Yi Dynasty and a slightly older contemporary of Yul-Gok. Toi-Gye was born in Andong-gun in 1501. A highly intelligent man, Yi passed the public service exams at the age of 34, taking on a variety of important ministerial and academic posts including Minister of the Board of Ceremonies. However, he soon resigned from government service, returning to his beloved hometown where he became a scholar. Toi-Gye means ‘receding stream’ and refers to a small stream in Andong-gun.

Yi set up a school in Andong-gun, devoting his efforts to the education of future generations. He invited prominent scholars to teach Confucian classics and in only a short time, it became one of the country’s leading centres for academic thought. Yi was able to draw on his government connections to obtain money to make his school even bigger and better. As a result, the academy and the educational system it employed became the predominant style of school in the Chosun Dynasty. The school is still a centre for the study of philosophy. A wooden house just behind the academy has been the home of Yi's descendants for the past 16 generations.

Yi developed a practical teaching method that stressed the need to perfect oneself through the building of good moral character, learning and reflection. He had three main rules: loyalty to king; devotion to parents; and keeping the virtues of faithfulness, chastity and fidelity. His ideas were influential not only in Korea but also in Japan following the Meiji Restoration.

Summary

  • Great philosopher and scholar named Yi Hwang
  • Lived from 1501-1570
  • Literal meaning: ‘Receding Stream’
  • 37 movements refer to his birthplace on the 37th parallel, at Andong-gun
  • The Chosun Dynasty’s foremost authority on Neo-Confucianism

Pattern shape represents the Chinese character for the word ‘scholar’

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