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Hwa Rang Meaning

Hwa Rang Tul - 37 Movements
- IIs named after the Hwarang youth group which originated in the Silla dynasty in the early 7th century.  The 29 movements refer to the 29th infantry division, where Taekwon-do developed into maturity.

Introduced Techniques

Sitting stance palm middle pushing block
L-stance upward punch
L-stance obverse middle punch
L-stance side elbow thrust
Close stance inner forearm side front block
Vertical stance knife-hand downward strike
4-direction elbow thrust

Step by Step

HWA-RANG 

Movements - 29

Ready Posture - CLOSED READY STANCE 

1. Move the left foot to B to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a
middle pushing block to D with the left palm.

2. Execute a middle punch to D with the right fist while maintaining a sitting
stance toward D.

3. Execute a middle punch to D with the left fist while maintaining a sitting
stance toward D.

4. Execute a twin forearm block while forming a left L-stance toward A,
pivoting with the left foot.

5. Execute an upward punch with the left fist while pulling the right side fist
in front of the left shoulder, maintaining a left L-stance toward A.

6. Execute a middle punch to A with the right fist while forming a right fixed
stance toward A in a sliding motion.

7. Execute a downward strike with the right knife-hand while forming a left
vertical stance toward A, pulling the right foot.

8. Move the left foot to A forming a left walking stance toward A while
executing a middle punch to A with the left fist.

9. Move the left foot to D forming a left walking stance toward D while
executing a low block to D with the left forearm.

10. Move the right foot to D forming a right walking stance toward D while
executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.

11. Pull the left foot toward the right foot while bringing the left palm to the
right forefist, at the same time bending the right elbow about 45 degrees
outward.

12. Execute a middle side piercing kick to D with the right foot while pulling
both hands in the opposite direction and then lower it to D forming a left
L-stance toward D, at the same time executing a middle outward strike to D
with the right knife-hand.

13. Move the left foot to D forming a left walking stance toward D while
executing a middle punch to D with the left fist.

14. Move the right foot to D forming a right walking stance toward D at the
same time executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.

15. Move the left foot to E turning anti-clockwise to form a right L-stance
toward E while executing a middle guarding block to E with a knife-hand.

16. Move the right foot to E forming a right walking stance toward E while
executing a middle thrust to E with the right straight finger tip.

17. Move the right foot on line EF forming a right L-stance toward F while
executing a middle guarding block to F with a knife-hand.

18. Execute a high turning kick to DF with the right foot and lower it to F.

19. Execute a high turning kick to CF with the left foot and lower it to F,
forming a right L-stance toward F while executing a middle guarding block
to F with a knife-hand.

Perform 18 and 19 in a fast motion.

20. Move the left foot to C forming a left walking stance toward C while
executing a low block to C with the left forearm.

21. Execute a middle punch to C with the right fist while forming a right
L-stance toward C, pulling the left foot.

22. Move the right foot to C forming a left L-stance toward C while
executing a middle punch to C with the left fist.

23. Move the left foot to C forming a right L-stance toward C while
executing a middle punch to C with the right fist.

24. Execute a pressing block with an X-fist while forming a left walking
stance toward C, slipping the left foot to C.

25. Move the right foot to C in a sliding motion forming a right L-stance
toward D while thrusting to C with the right side elbow.

26. Bring the left foot to the right foot, turning anti-clockwise to form a
closed stance toward B while executing a side front block with the right
inner forearm while extending the left forearm to the side downward.

27. Execute a side front block with the left inner forearm, extending the
right forearm to the side downward while maintaining a closed stance
toward B.

28. Move the left foot to B forming a right L-stance toward B at the same
time executing a middle guarding block to B with a knife-hand.

29. Bring the left foot to the right foot and then move the right foot to A
forming a left L-stance toward A, executing a middle guarding block to A
with a knife-hand.
END: Bring the right foot back to a ready posture.

The story of Hwa-Rang

The Hwa-Rang (‘Flower of Youth’) were a group of young knights during the Shilla Dynasty (668-935) who trained their bodies and minds by devoting themselves to hunting, education and the martial arts. The Hwa-Rang were generally noble young men who dedicated themselves to preparing to serve the nation in war. Their tough training, devotion to country and fierce loyalty were important in helping Shilla to defeat its neighbours, Koguryo and Paekche, unifying the Korean peninsula under one king.

Hwa-Rang warriors had to be men of character, virtue and courage. They were chosen by popular election from the sons of nobility and consisted of hundreds of thousands of members. They had to take a ten-year training program which taught them to be brave, to love their country and to help their fellow men. They climbed rugged mountains to harden their bodies, swam fierce rivers in the coldest months and trained like warriors to improve their moral principles and military skills. They entertained themselves with music and poetry, and travelled around the country visiting scenic mountains and rivers. Their warrior code was to serve the king; to be true to one’s parents; to be faithful to one’s friends; not to retreat in battle; and not to kill without reason. The Hwa-Rang took these rules very seriously.

One of the most famous Hwa-Rang warriors was Kwan-Chang, who became a Hwa-Rang commander at the age of 16. In 655, he was captured and taken before the Paekche general, Gye-Baek. Surprised by Kwan-Chang's youthfulness, Gye-Baek decided not to execute him, remarking, "Alas, how can we match the army of Shilla! Even a young boy like this has such courage."

The Hwa-Rang tradition and the practice of martial arts grew unpopular during the Chosun Dynasty. Some Koreans, however, continued to practice the Hwa-Rang skills, notably Admiral Yi Soon-sin (Choong-Moo) and the Buddhist monk Hyoo-Jong (So-San), both of whom were instrumental in defeating the Japanese invaders in 1597.

Summary

  • Knights of Shilla who helped unify Korea in the seventh century
  • Trained in the martial arts and learnt poetry, dancing, arts and science
  • Literal meaning: ‘Flower of Youth’
  • Had a strict, five-point moral code

29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do began

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