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Beginners Grading Syllabus

10 kup     9th kup     8th kup     7th kup

STANCES (SOGI)

The forceful and finer techniques of attack and defence are largely dependent on a correct stance. The stance is the starting point of every Taekwon-do movement.
Stability, agility, balance and flexibility are the controlling factors.

Basic principles for a proper stance are:
1. Keep the back straight, with few exceptions.
2. Relax the shoulders.
3. Tense the abdomen.
4. Maintain correct facing (full, half or side facing the opponent).
5. Maintain equilibrium.
6. Make use of knee spring properly.

CLOSE STANCE (MOA SOGI)
Stand with your feet together. It can be full facing or side facing

PARALLEL STANCE (NARANI SOGI)
Spread the feet parallel to shoulder width. Keep the toes pointing toward the front. It can be either full facing or side facing.

WALKING STANCE (GUNNUN SOGI)
This is a strong stance for front and rear, both in attack and defence.

1. Move one foot to either front or rear at a distance of one and a half shoulder widths between the big toes and a shoulder width from one centre of the instep to the other. Cover one and a half shoulder widths in distance makes the movement slow and weak against an attack from the side, front and rear.
2. Bend the front leg until the kneecap forms a vertical line with the heel, extending the rear leg fully.
3. Distribute the body weight evenly on both feet.
4. Keep the toes of the front foot pointing forward, the opposite foot 25 degrees outward. Over 25 degrees weakens the leg joint against an attack from the rear.
5. Tense the muscles of the feet with the feeling of pulling them toward each other.

When the right leg is bent, the stance is called a right walking stance and vice-versa. It can be either full facing or half facing both in attack and defence.

L STANCE (NIUNJA SOGI)
This is widely used for defence, though used in attack as well. The front foot is readily available for kicking with a slight shift of the body weight and with the advantage of half facing as well as body shifting.

1. Move one foot to either front or rear to a distance of approximately one and a half times the shoulder width from the foot-sword of the rear foot to the toes of the front foot, forming almost a right angle. It is recommended that the toes of both feet point about 15 degrees inward, placing the front heel beyond the heel of the rear foot about 2.5cm to gain better stability.
2. Bend the rear leg until the kneecap forms a vertical line with the toes, bending the front leg proportionally.
3. Keep the hip aligned with the inner knee joint.
4. The ratio of the body weight is about 70% on the rear leg and 30% on the front leg.

When the right leg is bent it is called a right L stance and vice-versa. It is always half facing, both for attack and defence.

SITTING STANCE (ANNUN SOGI)
This is a very stable stance for lateral movement. It is also widely used for punching exercise and muscle development of the legs. One of the advantages of this stance is to shift into walking stance without relocating the foot.

1. Move one leg to the side approximately one and a half shoulder widths between the big toes.
2. Point the toes to the front and distribute the weight evenly on each leg.
3. Extend the knees outward, bending until the kneecaps come over the ball of the foot.
4. Push both the chest and abdomen out and pull the hip back tensing the abdomen.

Double width of the shoulder weakens the stance and speedy movement is hampered. It is either full facing or half facing, both in attack and defence.

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10th kup Grading Requirements

MEANING OF WHITE BELT – Signifies innocence, as that of a beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Tae kwon-do.

FUNDAMENTAL EXERCISE (Gibon Yonsup)
Walking stance low block (outer forearm) Parallel stance middle punch
Walking stance low block (knifehand) Sitting stance middle punch
Walking stance middle block (inner forearm) Walking stance middle punch
4 direction defence (saju magi) Front rising kick
4 direction punch (saju jirugi) Forearm guarding block

VITAL SPOTS (Kupso)
Middle punch – Solar plexus (Myong chi)
– Epigastrium (Sang bokboo)
– Lower abdomen (Ha bokboo)
– Floating ribs (Nuk gol)
– Liver (Gan jang)
– Heart (Shim jang)
– Spleen (Bi jang)

KICKS

– Front Snap, Side, Back, Turning, Reverse Turning & Axe kicks

EXERCISES

level 1 Push ups
level 1 Crunches
level 1 Squats
level 1 Twist
level 1 Back Crunches

PATTERN (tul)
No pattern

STEP SPARRING
3 step – Basic (without partner)

SELF-DEFENCE (Ho Sin Sool)
Concept: Evasion

 

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9th kup Grading Syllabus

FUNDAMENTAL EXERCISE
Walking stance middle punch
Walking stance low block (outer forearm)
L stance middle block (inner forearm)
Front snap kick
Side rising kick

VITAL SPOTS
Middle punch – Solar plexus (Myong chi)
– Epigastrium (Sang bokboo)
– Lower abdomen (Ha bokboo)
– Floating ribs (Nuk gol)
– Liver (Gan jang)
– Heart (Shim jang)
– Spleen (Bi jang)

KICKS

– Front Snap, Side, Back, Turning, Reverse Turning & Axe kicks

EXERCISES

level 1 Push ups
level 1 Crunches
level 1 Squats
level 1 Twists
level 1 Back Crunches

PATTERN
Chon-ji tul – 19 movements

– Means literally “the heaven, the earth”. It is, in the orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern practised by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the heaven and the other to represent the earth.

STEP SPARRING
3 Step with Partner

SELF-DEFENCE (Ho Sin Sool)
Concept: Circles/Releases

The story of Chon-Ji
Chon-Ji means ‘Heaven and Earth’ and is part of an old Korean legend that explains how the universe began.

Lake Chon-Ji is the body of water that formed inside a crater (like at the top of a volcano) on the top of Mount Paektu in the far north of Korea. According to the legend, heaven and earth meet at this lake and this is where the universe began.

Because Chon-Ji is the first pattern in Taekwon-Do, learning it helps the student begin to learn the rest of the patterns. It has two similar parts: the first part (low outer forearm block and middle punch) representing heaven and the second part (middle inner forearm block and middle punch) representing earth.

Summary
• Chon-Ji means ‘Heaven and Earth’
• It is divided into two parts (low block/punch and middle block/punch)
– the first part stands for Heaven; the second part stands for Earth
• It is the first pattern learned in Taekwon-Do
• It has 19 movements

 

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8th kup Grading Syllabus

MEANING OF YELLOW BELT– Signifies the earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the Taekwon-do foundation is being laid.

FUNDAMENTAL EXERCISES
Walking stance high punch
L stance knife-hand outward-strike
L stance twin forearm block
L stance middle knife-hand guarding block
Walking stance forearm rising block
Middle turning kick

VITAL SPOTS
High front-punch Knife-hand side-strike
– Philtrum (Injoong) – Temple (Gwanja nori)- bridge of nose (Migan)
– Jaw (Yop tok) – Neck artery (Mok dongmaek)
– Point of chin (Mit tok) – Philtrum (Injoong)
– Mandibular joint (Tok gwanjol) – angle of mandible (Wit tok)
– Adams apple (Witmok)
– Floating ribs (Nuk gol)

KICKS

– Front Snap, Side, Back, Turning, Reverse Turning & Axe kicks

EXERCISES

level 1 Push ups
level 1 Crunches
level 1 Squats
level 1 Twists
level 1 Back Crunches

PATTERN
Dan Gun Tul -21 Movements
– This pattern is named after the holy Dan Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 BC

STEP SPARRING
3 Step – Intermediate

SELF-DEFENCE
Concept: Arm-bars

KNOWLEDGE
Theory of Power
The beginning student may ask “where does one obtain the power to create the devastating results attributed to TKD?” This power is attributed to the person’s full potential through the mathematical application of TKD techniques. The average person uses only 10 – 20% of their potential. Anyone, regardless of size, age or sex, who can condition themselves to use 100% of his potential, can also perform the same destructive techniques.
Though training will certainly result in a superb level of physical fitness, it will not necessarily result in the acquisition of extraordinary stamina of super human strength. More importantly TKD training will result in obtaining a high level of reaction force, concentration, equilibrium, breath control and speed. These are the factors that will result in a high degree of physical power.

The story of Dan-Gun
According to the legend, Dan-Gun was the man who formed the first Korean kingdom in 2333 BC. His story goes like this:

Long ago, Hwan-ung moved from heaven with his people to live on Earth and formed his new nation on the slopes of Mount Taebaek, a rugged peak in northern Korea. Nearby on the mountain, a bear and a tiger were living together in a cave. They saw how the humans lived so happily and wanted to become human too. So they went to ask Hwan-ung how they could do this.

Hwan-ung told the two animals that to become human they had to stay in their cave for 100 days without sunlight and nothing to eat but garlic and mugwort. They agreed to do this, but it was not long before the hungry tiger lost interest. “I’ve had it,” he grumbled after about 20 days. “I’m leaving. I don’t care about becoming a man after all. If I wait another 80 days, I will have starved to death anyway.” From that day on, the tiger became man’s most feared enemy.

Alone in the cave, the bear reminded herself of her wish to be human. “It can’t be that hard – after all, I spend all winter hibernating.” She prayed often and put up with her hardship. Then, during the night of the 100th day, an amazing thing happened. As dawn broke, the bear turned into a lovely young woman, She stepped out of the cave and went immediately to thank Hwan-ung for his blessing.

Hwan-ung was stunned by the beautiful young woman and named her Ung-yo, meaning ‘the girl who was once a bear’. Then he asked her to marry him. She gave birth to a boy whom she named Dan-Gun, meaning ‘Lord of the Sandalwood Trees’.

When he grew up, Dan-Gun became a wise and powerful leader and he formed the first kingdom in Korea in 2333 BC. Dan-Gun called his kingdom Chosun, meaning ‘Land of the Morning Calm’.

Summary
• Legendary founder of Korea
• Formed the kingdom in 2333 BC
• Son of a god and a bear
• Dan-Gun means: ‘Lord of the Sandalwood Trees’
• 21 movements

 
 

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7th kup Grading Syllabus

FUNDAMENTAL EXERCISE
Sitting stance knife-hand middle side strike
Walking stance outer forearm high wedging block
Walking stance outer forearm high side block
Walking stance straight fingertip middle thrust
Walking stance back fist high side strike
Walking stance stationery reverse middle front punch
Spot turning

VITAL SPOTS
Back fist high side-strike – Temple (Gwanja nori)
Straight fingertip middle thrust – Solar plexus (Myong chi)
Ball of foot-front snap kick
– Groin (Sataguni)
– Scrotum (Nang shim)
– Lower abdomen (Ha bokboo)
– Spleen (Bi jang)
– Solar plexus (Myong chi)
– Floating ribs (Nuk gol)
– Epigastrium (Sang Bokboo)
– Liver (Gan jang)
– Inner thigh (Anjok hobok dari)

KICKS

– Front Snap, Side, Back, Turning, Reverse Turning & Axe kicks

EXERCISES

– level 1 Push ups
– level 1 Crunches
– level 1 Squats
– level 1 Russian Twists
– level 1 Back Crunches

PATTERN
Do-San Tul – 24 Movements
Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

STEP SPARRING
3 Step – Advanced

SELF-DEFENCE
Concept: V-Locks

KNOWLEDGE
Reaction Force
According to Newton’s Law, every force has an equal and opposite force. When an automobile crashes into a wall with the force of 2,000 pounds, the wall will return a force of 2,000 pounds; or forcing the end of a seesaw down with a ton of weight will provide an upward force of the same weight; if your opponent is rushing towards you at a high speed, by the slightest blow at his head, the force with which you strike his head would be that of his own onslaught plus that of your blow.
The two forces combined; his, which is large, and yours, which is small are quite impressive. This, then is the reaction force from the opponent, also known as double impact. Another reaction force is your own. A punch with the right fist is aided by pulling back the left fist to the hip.

The story of Do-San
Do-San is the nickname of a Korean teacher named Ahn Chang-ho who spent his life working against the Japanese invaders of the early twentieth century who tried to wipe out Korean culture, literature, history and education.

During its occupation of Korea between 1910 and 1945, Japan closed all Korean schools and forced Koreans to speak Japanese in public places. In those years, Korea very nearly lost its identity as a country. Teachers like Ahn were supposed to forget what they believed was important and teach what they were told to.

Along with many other Koreans at this time, Mr Ahn moved to the United States of America to seek a better life. During the long journey across the Pacific Ocean, Ahn’s ship stopped off
at Hawaii – the sight of the islands and their high mountains rising out of the ocean inspired him to adopt a new name for himself: Do-San, literally ‘Island Mountain’. What seems to
have impressed him most was the way the islands stood alone
in the middle of the vast ocean. He felt a direct relationship between the islands’ natural beauty and loneliness and the role of the pioneer that he had chosen for himself.

In San Francisco, Ahn worked as a servant, learnt English and continued to support the cause of Korea’s independence from Japan. He helped to form a society that promoted this cause and he founded two Korean-language newspapers in the US. He returned to Korea after about five years to continue fighting for what he believed.

On 1 March 1919, the Korean Provisional Government, of which Ahn was a member, declared independence from Japan. In the demonstrations that followed, the Japanese police opened fire on the unarmed crowds, killing thousands and arresting and torturing many more. The Provisional Government went into exile in China and Ahn moved back to America for a while. Several years later, the Japanese arrested him in China. Shortly after he was released, Ahn died in hospital in Korea in 1938.

Summary
• Korean patriot Ahn Chang-ho
• Lived from 1878-1938
• Literal meaning: ‘Island-Mountain’
• Devoted his life to furthering Korean education and independence
• 24 movements represent his life

 
 

 
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