Black Belts

1st degree to 2nd degree

 Reference: Encyclopaedia of Taekwon-Do


The forceful and finer techniques of attack and defence are largely dependent on a correct stance.  The stance is the starting point of every Taekwon-do movement.

Stability, agility, balance and flexibility are the controlling factors.

Basic principles for a proper stance are:

    1. Keep the back straight, with few exceptions.
    2. Relax the shoulders.
    3. Tense the abdomen.
    4. Maintain correct facing (full, half or side facing the opponent).
    5. Maintain equilibrium.
    6. Make use of knee spring properly.


ONE LEG STANCE (Waebal Sogi)
Though this stance is primarily used for balance exercise, it is occasionally utilized in attack and defence techniques.

    1. Stretch the stationary leg and bring the other reverse foot sword on the knee joint or instep to the hollow.

When the right foot is on the ground, the stance is called a right one leg stance and vice-versa.  It can be either full or side facing, both in attack and defence.


2nd Degree Black Belt Grading Requirements

MEANING OF BLACK BELT- Opposite of white, therefore, signifying the maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-do.  It also indicates the wearer’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.


Parallel Stance with a Heaven Hand

Rear Foot Stance Knife-Hand High Guarding Block
Forward Double Stepping
Walking Stance Palm Upward Block
Close Stance Side Fist Downward Strike
Outward Pressing Kick
Close Stance Knife-Hand Low Front Block
Consecutive Kick
Backward Foot Shifting
Walking Stance  Forearm Low Reverse Block
Walking Stance High Reverse Punch
Forward Double Step Turning

Po Eun
Sitting Stance Angle Punch

Sitting Stance Forefist Pressing Block
Sitting Stance Inner Forearm Wedging Block
Sitting Stance Back Elbow Thrust
Sitting Stance Horizontal Punch
X-Stance Forearm Low Front Block
L-Stance U-Shape Grasp
Close Stance Twin Elbow Horizontal Thrust
Sitting Stance Backfist Side Back Strike
Sitting Stance Reverse Knife-Hand Low Guarding Block

Ge Baek
Low Twisting Kick

Double Arc-Hand High Block
Sitting Stance Scooping Block
Sitting Stance Backfist Front Strike
Sitting Stance 9-Shape Block
L-Stance Middle Knuckle Fist Middle Punch
X-Stance Double Forearm High Block
Low Stance Flat Fingertip High Obverse Thrust
Low Stance Flat Fingertip High Reverse Thrust
Sitting Stance Knife-Hand Low Guarding Block

Side Fist Downward Strike
- skull
- occiput

Outward Pressing Kick
- knee joint                 

High Reverse Punch
- philtrum
- jaw
- point of chin

Twin Elbow Horizontal Thrust
- upper neck

Low Twisting Kick
- groin
- lower abdomen
- inner thigh

Backfist Front Strike
- philtrum                   

Middle Knuckle Fist Middle Punch
- solar plexus

Kwang-Gae Tul - 39 movements 
- is named after the famous Gwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria.  The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory.  The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A.D., the year he came to the throne.

Po-Eun Tul - 36 movements
- is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong -Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem “I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times” is known to every Korean.  He was also a pioneer in the field of physics.  The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

Ge-Baek Tul - 44 movements
- is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.).  The diagram (I) represents his severe and strict military discipline.

Semi sparring – 5 Attacks each
Free Sparring 1:2 ratio

Any joint lock , takedown or throw with single finishing technique from:

    • Single straight grab to the wrist/arm
    • Single cross grab to the wrist/arm
    • Single grab to the elbow/upper arm
    • Single grab to the shoulder
    • Single lapel grab
    • Double lapel grab
    • Double front choke
    • Rear choke
    • Front body hug
    • Rear body hug

Time limit of 2 minutes, up to 4 opponents

2nd degree breaking (18 to 35ys)

Hand Techniques
Fixed stance punch
Inward knife-hand strike (walking stance)
Back-fist side strike in X-stance (optional)

Kick Techniques
Skipping front kick
Skipping side kick
Step through back kick
Step through pick shaped kick (axe) – two boards

Flying turning kick (above own head height)
Flying high kick (Max reach height)
Flying reverse turning kick (above own head height)
Overhead kick – Flying side kick over 4 persons bent at waist with straight legs

Under 18’s, breaking is not compulsory, but techniques are. A paddle or shield can be used, but when you turn 18, you will need to perform these breaks again with boards. Until this is done, any promotion to 2nd degree is provisional.

35 to 45 years, flying is not compulsory. When flying is selected, the heights and distances can be brought to reasonable measures.

Over 45’s can discuss with their instructor on what they would like to perform. Any choices must be confirmed with the Chief Instructor.

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